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Two Types of Segregation
De Jure and De Facto
De jure segregation is policies of segregation enforced by law.
Due to the social intolerability of racial equality, people of different races were not allowed to share waiting rooms. by being enforced even at the local police department, it shows just how much racial tensions had impacted the governing systems of the United States.
Though people of different race were allowed to ride the same bus, all colored riders were forced by law to sit in the back in marked colored sections or had to sacrifice their seats to white riders if the white section became full. often times, they were not even allowed to enter the bus through the same door to further represent racial dominance of one over the other. (Rodgers notes)
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De Facto segregation is policies of segregation not enforced by law but is customary to the society or is enforced by local businesses.
Local businesses had the right to allow or not allow particular races their services. As privet business owners, they could make their own rules. In the same way that a business could deny somebody service for not being properly dressed or smoking. (Rodgers notes)
Though some businesses only served to one particular race, many provided service to both whites and minorities. yet, to do this, certain acts of segregation were put forth as standards. having separate entrances for the two groups was very common for private businesses. (Rodgers notes)
Most colored families and White families during this time would live in neighborhoods where they were surrounded by the same race due to racial tensions. though, when a person of color would move into a neighborhood consisting mostly of white home owners, it would lead to harassment towards the colored homeowner. (Rodgers notes)
Response By The Caucasian Population
Many Caucasians did not take the upraise of minorities well. They felt threaten by the groups of whom were once considered to be of less importance suddenly breaking social norms and going against the oppressing laws. Particularly relevant in the south, this began to truly show the underlining racial hatred across the country as conflicts spurred (Rodgers notes.
Though it was against popular belief in some places, whites began to contribute to the civil rights protests in effort for unanimous equality. Yet, they too faced the same harassment that the people they were protesting for did. The civil rights cause had a way of spreading its purpose to all different races and societies (Rodgers notes).
- When schools were desegregated, many people objected to that idea. parents were outraged and even state authority tried to fight back. This picture depicts the pressure and tension felt at this time as kids were threatening to drop out if the schools were desegregated (Rodgers notes).